Annex 1- Detailed Rules, cf. section 17(1)
Annex to the Executive Order No. 1109 on Use of Technical Equipment
1. Centrifuges1.1 Centrifuges for commercial use shall be subject to inspection by the supplier or another competent person at least once every year, cf. however point 1.2.
1.2 Centrifuges in housing laundries, launderettes and in laundries where the centrifuges are also accessible to other persons than employees (for example at hospitals and nursing homes) shall be subject to inspection by the supplier or another competent person at least once in every period of six months.
1.3 On or near centrifuges in housing laundries or launderettes, two signs shall remain posted at any time in a conspicuous place with distinct and durable text with the following wording:
Do not try to open the cover until the centrifuge has come to a complete standstill. Defects must be reported to the owner immediately.
- Children under 15 years of age must not use the centrifuges.
1.5 In the log, the owner shall record all information on:
- Inspection, cf. point 1.2,
- Major repairs,
- Any decisions concerning violation, including improvement notices issued by the Danish Working Environment Service concerning the centrifuge.
2. Presses designed for processing iron, metal, etc.2.1 Continuous supervision and examination
Safety devices, operating systems (electromechanical, electronic, hydraulic, pneumatic, mechanical), operating controls, clutch mechanisms, brakes and other parts affecting safety shall, at the initiative of the user (the owner, the employer), be kept under continuous and careful supervision in conformity with the instructions for use and the maintenance log provided by the supplier.
2.2 A complete examination (inspection and check) of the devices mentioned in point 2.1 shall be carried out regularly and as frequently as required to protect safety, taking account of the design and use of the press, normally at 8 hours of daily operation:
- For eccentric presses, etc., once in every period of three months
- For hydraulic and pneumatic presses, once in every period of 12 months.
For CE-marked eccentric presses, etc., which comply with the rules of Executive Order on the Design of Work Equipment, this interval may be extended to one year, unless more frequent examination has been prescribed by the supplier.
2.4 Each press shall be provided with a maintenance log, in which the result of the examination according to point 2.2 and any other information of relevance to health and safety shall be recorded. The maintenance log shall be kept near the press and be easily accessible to the Internal Safety Organisation and the Danish Working Environment Authority.
3. Equipment used to lift burdens
3.1 General3.1.1 Demountable or mobile equipment designed to lift burdens shall be used in such a way as to ensure that it is stable in use under all foreseeable conditions taking account of the nature of the surface.
3.1.2 Lifting of persons shall only be performed using equipment and ancillary equipment designed for such purpose.
The carrying structure on a machine used to lift or move persons shall be checked every working day if, due to the workplace or a difference in height, there is a risk of the cabin, basket or similar carrying structure falling and it is not possible to avoid such a risk through adequate measures.
3.1.3 Measures shall be taken to prevent the presence of any persons under suspended burdens unless necessary to ensure the proper performance of the work.
No burdens must be conveyed across working areas normally frequented by persons, if such working areas are not protected.
However, if this is necessary to ensure the proper performance of the work, adequate procedures shall be established and applied.
3.1.4 The selected hoisting and lifting equipment shall be suitable for the burdens to be handled, the grabbing points, fastening equipment and weather conditions and take into account how the hanger suspension works and is used. Units comprising various lifting equipment shall be clearly labelled, unless such equipment is disassembled after use, in order to provide the user with information about the technical properties.
3.1.5 Hoisting and lifting equipment shall be stored in such a way as to ensure that it is not damaged or destroyed.
3.2 Lifting equipmentThese detailed rules shall apply to power-driven lifting equipment designed to lift a burden which is supported by a component of the lifting equipment. However, these provisions shall not be applicable to hoists, lifts, etc. or lifting equipment designed for disabled persons.
3.2.1 The mounting and dismantling of lifting equipment shall only be performed by qualified fitters or under the supervision of a competent person. Mounting and dismantling shall be performed safely in conformity with the directions given by the supplier.
3.2.2 Lifting equipment designed for carrying persons shall be subject to static load testing before it is taken into use after
- major reconstruction or repair,
- replacement of carrying structures,
- each overhaul, and
- remounting, apart from remounting for the same owner of mobile lifting equipment.
3.2.3 The person who carries out the load testing shall issue a certificate to this effect. The certificate shall be filed in the log, cf. point 3.4.1.
3.2.4 Load testing shall be performed in such a way that
- the carrying structures are subject to the most adverse loads, and
- the stability (tilting safety) is tested in the most adverse settings.
3.2.6 Lifting equipment designed for carrying persons shall be notified to the local regional inspectorate of the Danish Working Environment Autority covering the site of mounting before the equipment is taken into use after
- change of ownership,
- major reconstruction or repairs, and
- remounting, apart from remounting for the same owner of mobile lifting equipment.
3.2.8 For any lifting equipment that is subject to notification, a log shall be kept, which shall remain on or near the equipment.
The log shall be kept by the owner. If the lifting equipment has been let out or otherwise transferred to another user, the log shall be kept by such other user.
3.2.9 The log shall include
- documentation of testing of the static and dynamic stability,
- documentation of load testing,
- documentation of notification,
- certificates for carrying structures,
- information on defects, faults and service,
- information on repairs being of importance to health and safety,
- information on any replacement of carrying structures, and
- information on any decisions concerning violation, including improvement notices, of the Danish Working Environment Authority concerning the lifting equipment.
3.2.11 Lifting equipment which is unattended must not be left with the engine running. When the equipment is left unattended the implement and any ancillary equipment shall be set in a safe position. The engine shall be protected against being started by unauthorised persons.
3.2.12 Only persons who are in possession of a certificate may be employed as drivers of lifting equipment for which a certificate is required, cf. Executive Order No. 136 of 28 March 1978 on Fork Lift Truck Certificates with later amendments.
3.2.13 Only persons who have work tasks on the lifting equipment may stay or move around on the equipment and only on the work platforms and means of access designed therefor, unless such persons are protected in another appropriate way. No person may enter lifting equipment before the driver has been made aware thereof.
3.2.14 At least once in every period of 12 months an overhaul shall be carried out by the supplier or another competent person.
3.3. Hoists3.3.1 If two or more hoists used to lift non-controlled burdens are installed or mounted at a workplace in such a way that their fields of activity overlap, adequate measures shall be taken to prevent various burdens and various parts of the work equipment from hitting each other.
3.3.2 Measures shall be taken to prevent hoists from tipping or tilting and, if relevant, from shifting or sliding. The effectiveness of the measures shall be checked.
3.3.3 If a hoist operator is unable to observe, either directly or by means of auxiliary devices providing him or her with the necessary information, the path of motion of the entire burden, he or she shall be assisted by a signaller and the work shall be organised in such a way as to avoid collisions posing a risk to the persons involved.
3.3.4 The work shall be organised in such a way as to ensure that it is completely safe for a person to fasten or unfasten a burden manually while in particular retaining direct or indirect control of the operation.
3.3.5 All hoisting operations shall be planned correctly, monitored adequately and performed with a view to protecting the safety of the employees.
Especially if a burden is to be lifted simultaneously by two or more hoists, a working procedure shall be established and applied in order to ensure proper coordination among the operators.
3.3.6 If a hoist cannot hold such burdens due to complete or partial power failure, adequate measures shall be taken to prevent any persons from being exposed to risks as a result thereof.
Suspended burdens shall be under constant supervision, unless access to the dangerous area is closed and the burden is adequately suspended and secured.
3.3.7 Outdoor use of hoists shall be stopped immediately if the meteorological conditions deteriorate to such an extent as to jeopardise their reliability and expose anyone to risks. Adequate protective measures shall be taken to protect the equipment against tipping in order to prevent anyone from being exposed to risks.
4. Power chain saws4.1 Employers shall only have logging, felling and pruning operations etc. performed with motor chain saws by workers wearing safety helmets, ear protectors, leg protectors and foot protection. The protective equipment provided shall be used during all operations. Eye protectors shall be provided and used whenever necessary.
4.2 For other operations performed with motor chain saws, the personal protective equipment set out above shall be worn wherever the work cannot otherwise be performed without any risk to health and safety. Use of ear protectors shall, however, always be required where the noise exposure level exceeds 85 dB(A).
4.3 The personal protective equipment used shall conform to the provisions of Executive Order No. 651 of 23 July 1992 issued by the Danish Ministry of Labour on safety requirements etc. applicable to personal protective equipment.
5. Transport equipment
5.0 These detailed rules shall be applicable to mechanically propelled transport equipment by which transporting is performed horizontally, vertically or along an inclined path. However, these detailed rules shall not be applicable to hoists, lifts, etc., transport equipment designed for carrying disabled persons and track-rolling stock of railway undertakings, which is subject to railway legislation, apart from work equipment running on railway tracks.
5.1 The mounting and dismantling of transport equipment shall only be performed by qualified fitters or under the supervision of a competent person. The mounting and dismantling shall be carried out safely in conformity with the directions of the supplier of the equipment.
5.2 Transport equipment must not be used for carrying persons, unless designed for that purpose.
5.3 Transport equipment which is unattended, must not be left with the engine running. When the equipment is left unattended, the implement and any ancillary equipment shall be set in a safe position. The engine shall be protected against being started by unauthorised persons.
5.4.1 Only persons who are in possession of a certificate may be employed as drivers of transport equipment for which a certificate is required, cf. Executive Order No. 136 of 28 March 1978 on Fork Lift Truck Certificates with later amendments.
5.4.2 Only persons who have work tasks on the transport equipment may stay or move around on the equipment and only on the work platforms and means of access designed therefor, unless such persons are protected in another appropriate way. No person may enter transport equipment before the driver has been made aware thereof.
5.5.1 At least once in every period of 12 months an overhaul shall be carried out by the supplier or another competent person.
5.5.2 Second-hand transport equipment shall be subject to an overhaul before the equipment is taken into use by a new owner. Transport equipment which has been laid up shall be subject to an overhaul before use of the equipment is resumed.
6. Work equipment made available for temporary work at a height
General provisions6.1 In connection with temporary work at a height the work equipment most suitable to ensure appropriate ergonomic conditions must always be selected.
6.2 The dimensions of the work equipment must be appropriate to the nature of the work to be performed and to the foreseeable stresses and allow passage without danger.
6.3 Work equipment used for the performance of temporary work, activities or passage at a height must be suitable or adapted therefor, so that it may be used by workers without impairment to their safety or health. The work equipment must be selected with regard for the conditions in which it will be used and the hazards posed by use of the equipment.
6.4 Work equipment must always be placed on a level and stable surface.
6.5 Collective protective measures must take priority over individual protective measures.
6.6 Taking into consideration the type of work equipment selected the measures most suitable to minimise the hazards to which workers are exposed when using this type of equipment must be determined. If necessary, the employer must only be permitted to have the work carried out if appropriate safety measures have been installed. Such safety measures must be designed to be strong enough to obstruct or arrest falls from a height and, whenever possible, to prevent workers from being injured.
6.7 Openings in the safety measures are not allowed except in places with access to and from stairs or ladders.
6.8 When the performance of a particular task requires a collective safeguard to be temporarily removed, effective compensatory safety measures must be taken. The task may not be performed until such measures have been taken. Once the particular task has been finished, either definitively or temporarily, the collective safeguard must be reinstalled.
6.9 The most appropriate means of access to temporary work platforms at a height must be selected according to the frequency of passage, the duration of use and the height to be negotiated. The choice made must permit evacuation in the event of imminent danger. Passage in either direction between a means of access and platforms, decks or gangways must not give rise to any additional risks of falling.
6.10 Temporary work at a height may be carried out only when the weather conditions do not jeopardise the safety and health of workers.
Scaffolding6.11 If the scaffolding has not been erected in conformity with a standard configuration in accordance with the instructions for use of the type of scaffolding concerned, structural calculations for the scaffolding selected, including a specification of the proposed configuration, must be available. The structural calculations must include a strength and stability analysis.
6.12 Instructions for use taking into consideration the configuration of the scaffolding selected must be drawn up by a competent person. The instructions for use must include a plan for the erection, alteration, dismantling and use. The instructions for use may be prepared by the supplier. In such case they must be supplemented with information on particular details concerning the scaffolding concerned if its erection, dismantling or use differs from the method described in the supplier’s instructions for use.
6.13 The scaffolding must be erected safely having regard to the nature of the work, support conditions, fixing conditions, anticipated loads, including weather conditions, and any other conditions that may affect the stability and bearing capacity of the scaffolding.
6.14 The scaffolding foundation must be stable. Its bearing components must rest on the entire bearing surface. Any support with blocks must not be more than 20 cm high. Major differences in level must be compensated for by adjustable supports or any other proper structure.
6.15 If special equipment is fitted on a scaffolding, measures must be taken to secure the strength and stability of the scaffolding.
6.16 Only parts which belong to the same scaffolding system or which are clearly compatible may be used for the erection of scaffolding. The individual parts of the scaffolding must be properly assembled and kept in position. Scaffolding clamps must be suitable and may only be used if the scaffolding system’s own parts, or parts which are clearly compatible, cannot be used directly. It must be ensured that the parts used are in a proper state of repair.
6.17 The dimensions, form and layout of scaffolding platforms must be appropriate to ensure that their use is safe and without any risk to health. The distance from a platform carrying a load to the toeboard must not exceed 30 mm. Means of access properly made and appropriately located and designed must be provided for the individual scaffolding platforms.
6.18 Wheeled scaffolding must be prevented by appropriate devices from moving accidentally during work at a height.
6.19 The width and design of the scaffolding must be appropriate for its use. It must be possible to deposit tools and materials so that all activities connected with the work can be performed safely and with proper work postures and movements.
6.20 Scaffold decks, access roads, walkways and similar structures shall be provided with guardrails, cf. point 6.21, or other effective blocking at all places where falls can occur to the surface below.
6.21 Guard rails as set out in point 6.20 must be of adequate strength and good construction. The guard rails may consist of a handrail at a height of 1 metre, an intermediate guard rail at a height of 0.5 metres and a toeboard which is at least 15 cm high. The guard rails may also consist of a different guard if it provides similar protection. At a lower fall height, the intermediate guard and the toeboard may be omitted unless the omission presents a special risk.
6.22 Guard rails as set out in point 6.20 may be omitted if the scaffolding platform or the like follows a wall or any other fixed part of a building which is at least as high as the guard rails or if there is any other equally effective protection against falls from a height. The space between the scaffolding platform and the wall, part of a building or any other protection against falls from a height must normally not exceed 30 cm.
6.23 Scaffolding may be erected, altered and dismantled on a large scale only under the supervision of a competent person and by workers who have received appropriate and specific instruction in the erection, alteration and dismantling of scaffolding. The supervisor and the workers concerned must have the instructions for use at their disposal, cf. point 6.12.
6.24 Work with erecting, changing and dismantling of
- scaffolding more than three metres high, and
- chimney and ridge scaffolding and suspended scaffolding which is more than three metres above the surrounding surface, may only be carried out by persons who have completed training and hold a certificate of education. The Executive Order on Occupational Safety and Health Training Programmes lists the requirements for education/training as well as the qualifications needed in order to obtain a certificate of education.
6.26 Scaffolding which is less than three metres high as well as chimney and ridge scaffolding and suspended scaffolding less than three metres above the surrounding surface may only be erected, changed and dismantled by persons who have received special and complete instruction, in particular with regard to
- understanding instructions for erection, dismantling and changing the relevant scaffolding,
- safety during erection, dismantling and changing the relevant scaffolding,
- measures to mitigate the risk that people and objects fall from the scaffolding,
- safety measures in the event of changes in weather conditions which could endanger safety on the relevant scaffolding,
- permitted loads, and
- other risks in connection with the above erection, dismantling and changes
6.28 In the case of non-mobile scaffolding more than 2 metres high, the erector must - before it is handed over to be taken into use - supply the scaffolding with signs stating the purposes for which it is designed and the date of its erection. The same applies if alterations are made to the erection of the scaffolding. In addition, the sign must state the date of the latest inspection, cf. section 14 and point 6.27.
6.29 When parts of a scaffolding are not ready for use, e.g. during erection, alteration or dismantling, they must be marked with general warning signs pursuant to the Executive Order on safety signs and other forms of signalling. The parts concerned must be delimited by physical means preventing access to the danger zone.
6.30 During the use of a scaffolding steps must be taken to ensure that the scaffolding is not used for work functions for which it is not suitable. Furthermore, steps must be taken to ensure that materials are placed so that they do not give rise to any risk, and the area around the scaffolding must be kept in good order.
6.31 All climbing and descending as well as any other traffic on the scaffolding is only permitted along the parts of the scaffolding designed for such purpose or by any other equally safe access and traffic routes.
6.32 Access openings must be provided with coverings or barricades with safeguards against unintended opening. On scaffolding platforms where work is going on, access openings must be kept closed or barricaded.
6.33 Scaffolding more than 5 metres high and more than 10 metres long and designed to be used by more than 2 persons at the same time must have separate access areas unless this is technically or practically unfeasible.
6.34 Work from ladders, trestles or any other movable objects is not permitted on scaffolding platforms. If extra working height is required on a scaffolding platform, such height may only be established using suitable material which must be properly fixed. Access to the extra working height must be safe, and safety measures against falls from the extra working height must be taken in accordance with points 6.20-6.22 and 6.32.
6.35 In the case of a scaffolding erected on an area where there is a risk of collision, measures must be taken for the effective protection of the workers, e.g. suitable blocking or markings.
6.36 In the event of any risks of objects or materials falling from the scaffolding, suitable measures must be taken to protect the surroundings, e.g. by barricading or blocking.
Ladders6.37 The use of ladders as work platforms for work performed at a height must be limited to circumstances in which, given points 6.1-6.5, the use of other, safer work equipment is not justified because of the low level of risk and either the short duration of use or existing features on site that the employer cannot alter.
6.38 Ladders must be so positioned as to ensure their stability during use. Portable ladders must rest on a stable, strong, suitably sized immobile footing so that the rungs remain horizontal. Suspended ladders must be attached in a secure manner, with the exception of rope ladders, so that they cannot be displaced and so that swinging is prevented.
6.39 The feet of portable ladders must be prevented from slipping during use by securing the stiles at or near the upper or lower ends, by any anti-slip device or by any other arrangement of equivalent effectiveness.
6.40 Only light and handy burdens and tools may be carried on portable ladders.
6.41 Ladders used for access must be long enough to protrude sufficiently beyond the access platform, unless other measures have been taken to ensure a firm handhold.
6.42 Interlocking ladders and extension ladders must be used so that the different sections are prevented from moving relative to one another during use.
6.43 Mobile ladders must be prevented from moving before they are stepped on.
6.44 Ladders must be used in such a way that a secure handhold and secure support are available to workers at all times. In particular, if a load has to be carried by hand on a ladder, it must not preclude the maintenance of a safe handhold.
Rappelling (rope access)6.45 Rappelling (rope access) must be used only when according to the workplace assessment, cf. sections 4, 6 and 6a-6c of the Executive Order on the Performance of Work, the work can be performed safely and when the use of other, safer work equipment is not appropriate. A suitably designed seat must be provided in view of a workplace assessment and with particular regard for the duration of the work and the ergonomic limitations.
6.46 Rappelling (use of rope access) must comply with the following conditions:
- The system must comprise at least two separately anchored ropes, one as a means of access for ascent, descent and support (work rope) and the other as backup (security rope).
- Workers must be provided with and use an appropriate harness connecting them to the security rope.
- The work rope must be equipped with a safe means of ascent and descent and have a self-locking system to prevent the user from falling should he lose control of his movements. The security rope must be equipped with a mobile fall prevention system that follows the worker’s movements.
- The tools and other accessories used by a worker must be secured to the worker’s harness or seat or by some other appropriate means.
- The work must be properly planned and supervised so that a worker can be rescued immediately in an emergency.
- The workers concerned must receive adequate and specific instruction in the performance of the work in question, in particular the relevant rescue procedures.
6.47 In exceptional circumstances where, in view of a workplace assessment, the use of a second rope would make the work more dangerous, the use of a single rope may be permitted, provided that appropriate measures have been taken to ensure safety.